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MeSH Review


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Disease relevance of Ganglionectomy


High impact information on Ganglionectomy


Chemical compound and disease context of Ganglionectomy


Biological context of Ganglionectomy


Anatomical context of Ganglionectomy


Associations of Ganglionectomy with chemical compounds

  • In the growing group, 8 weeks after ganglionectomy, the denervated arteries showed mean decreases in tissue weight (11%), total wall thickness (12+), cross-sectional area of media (17%), contractility (16%), and increases in the tangential modulus of elasticity and sensitivity to NE (2.3-fold) compared to the contralateral control vessels [25].
  • However, this pressor response could be counteracted by intravenous propranolol (n = 5) or by bilateral stellate ganglionectomy (n = 3) [26].
  • The 5-HT-mediated effect on inositol phosphates is unaffected by superior cervical ganglionectomy [27].
  • The effect of noradrenaline, which also stimulates inositol phosphate accumulation (but via alpha 1-adrenergic receptors in the iris-ciliary body), was elevated following superior cervical ganglionectomy [27].
  • There was no effect of coeliac ganglionectomy on pancreatic response to ethanol 1 g/kg [28].

Gene context of Ganglionectomy


Analytical, diagnostic and therapeutic context of Ganglionectomy


  1. Marked antiinflammatory effects of decentralization of the superior cervical ganglia. Ramaswamy, K., Mathison, R., Carter, L., Kirk, D., Green, F., Davison, J.S., Befus, D. J. Exp. Med. (1990) [Pubmed]
  2. Chronic trigeminal ganglionectomy or topical capsaicin application to pial vessels attenuates postocclusive cortical hyperemia but does not influence postischemic hypoperfusion. Macfarlane, R., Tasdemiroglu, E., Moskowitz, M.A., Uemura, Y., Wei, E.P., Kontos, H.A. J. Cereb. Blood Flow Metab. (1991) [Pubmed]
  3. The influence of cervical sympathetic neurons on parathyroid hormone and calcitonin release in the rat: independence of pineal mediation. Stern, J.E., Esquifino, A.I., García Bonacho, M., Cardinali, D.P. J. Pineal Res. (1997) [Pubmed]
  4. Non-angiotensin II [(125)I] CGP42112 binding is a sensitive marker of neuronal injury in brainstem following unilateral nodose ganglionectomy: comparison with markers for activated microglia. Roulston, C.L., Lawrence, A.J., Jarrott, B., Widdop, R.E. Neuroscience (2004) [Pubmed]
  5. Occurrence, ontogeny, ultrastructure and some plasticity of CGRP (calcitonin gene-related peptide)-immunoreactive nerves in the carotid body of rats. Kondo, H., Yamamoto, M. Brain Res. (1988) [Pubmed]
  6. Pancreatic secretory response to intravenous caerulein and intraduodenal tryptophan studies: before and after stepwise removal of the extrinsic nerves of the pancreas in dogs. Singer, M.V., Niebel, W., Jansen, J.B., Hoffmeister, D., Gotthold, S., Goebell, H., Lamers, C.B. Gastroenterology (1989) [Pubmed]
  7. Substance P mediates a gastrointestinal thermoreflex in rats. Rozsa, Z., Mattila, J., Jacobson, E.D. Gastroenterology (1988) [Pubmed]
  8. Primidone in the treatment of the long QT syndrome: QT shortening and ventricular arrhythmia suppression. DeSilvey, D.L., Moss, A.J. Ann. Intern. Med. (1980) [Pubmed]
  9. Calcitonin gene-related peptide mediates nitroglycerin and sodium nitroprusside-induced vasodilation in feline cerebral arterioles. Wei, E.P., Moskowitz, M.A., Boccalini, P., Kontos, H.A. Circ. Res. (1992) [Pubmed]
  10. The importance of a central adrenergic mechanism in the cardiovascular responses to ouabain. Saxena, P.R., Bhargava, K.P. Eur. J. Pharmacol. (1975) [Pubmed]
  11. Suppression of autotomy by N-methyl-D-aspartate receptor antagonist (MK-801) in the rat. Tseng, S.H. Neurosci. Lett. (1998) [Pubmed]
  12. Superior cervical ganglionectomy differentially modifies median eminence and anterior and mediobasal hypothalamic GABA content in male rats: effects of hyperprolactinemia. Esquifino, A.I., Alvarez, M.P., Cano, P., Jiménez, V., Duvilanski, B. Experimental brain research. Experimentelle Hirnforschung. Expérimentation cérébrale. (2004) [Pubmed]
  13. The otic ganglion in rats and its parotid connection: cholinergic pathways, reflex secretion and a secretory role for the facial nerve. Khosravani, N., Sandberg, M., Ekström, J. Exp. Physiol. (2006) [Pubmed]
  14. The role of the pineal gland in the regulation of LH-release in rats with different types of the anovulatory syndrome. Rúzsás, C., Trentini, G.P., Mess, B. Endokrinologie. (1977) [Pubmed]
  15. Effect of pinealectomy, superior cervical ganglionectomy, or melatonin treatment on 24-hour rhythms in ornithine decarboxylase and tyrosine hydroxylase activities of rat spleen. Cardinali, D.P., Cutrera, R.A., Bonacho, M.G., Esquifino, A.I. J. Pineal Res. (1997) [Pubmed]
  16. Timolol reduces IOP in normal NZW rabbits during the dark only. Gregory, D.S. Invest. Ophthalmol. Vis. Sci. (1990) [Pubmed]
  17. Minocycline treatment attenuates microglia activation and non-angiotensin II [125I] CGP42112 binding in brainstem following nodose ganglionectomy. Roulston, C.L., Lawrence, A.J., Widdop, R.E., Jarrott, B. Neuroscience (2005) [Pubmed]
  18. Experimental retrograde adriamycin trigeminal sensory ganglionectomy. Kato, S., Yamamoto, T., Iwasaki, Y., Niizuma, H., Nakamura, T., Suzuki, J. J. Neurosurg. (1988) [Pubmed]
  19. Restraint stress delays solid gastric emptying via a central CRF and peripheral sympathetic neuron in rats. Nakade, Y., Tsuchida, D., Fukuda, H., Iwa, M., Pappas, T.N., Takahashi, T. Am. J. Physiol. Regul. Integr. Comp. Physiol. (2005) [Pubmed]
  20. Neurogenic regulation of coronary blood flow: evidence for a central nervous system pathway. Bonham, A.C., Gutterman, D.D., Arthur, J.M., Marcus, M.L., Gebhart, G.F., Brody, M.J. Circ. Res. (1987) [Pubmed]
  21. Evidence for a dual innervation affecting local blood flow in the hypothalamus of the conscious rabbit. Rosendorff, C., Mitchell, G., Scriven, D.R., Shapiro, C. Circ. Res. (1976) [Pubmed]
  22. Gastrin response to a meal before and after cutting the extrinsic nerves of the stomach in the dog. Eysselein, V.E., Niebel, W., Singer, M.V. J. Physiol. (Lond.) (1985) [Pubmed]
  23. Circannual oscillations of thyroxine and cholesterol levels after pinealectomy and ganglionectomy related to the weight changes of the pineal, pituitary, and thyroid glands. Peschke, E., Peschke, D., Peil, J., Mess, B. J. Pineal Res. (1988) [Pubmed]
  24. Aqueous humor messengers in the transient decrease of intraocular pressure after ganglionectomy. Liu, J.H. Invest. Ophthalmol. Vis. Sci. (1992) [Pubmed]
  25. Functional and structural changes in the rabbit ear artery after sympathetic denervation. Bevan, R.D., Tsuru, H. Circ. Res. (1981) [Pubmed]
  26. Stimulation of serotonin2 receptors in the ventrolateral medulla of the cat results in nonuniform increases in sympathetic outflow. Mandal, A.K., Kellar, K.J., Norman, W.P., Gillis, R.A. Circ. Res. (1990) [Pubmed]
  27. Evidence for the presence of serotonergic nerves and receptors in the iris-ciliary body complex of the rabbit. Tobin, A.B., Unger, W., Osborne, N.N. J. Neurosci. (1988) [Pubmed]
  28. Pancreatic exocrine responses to secretin, 2-deoxyglucose, a meal, and ethanol after coeliac ganglionectomy in the conscious dog. Johnson, C.D., Devaux, M.A., Sarles, H. Gut (1989) [Pubmed]
  29. Annual variations of the NPYergic innervation of the pineal gland in the European hamster (Cricetus cricetus): a quantitative immunohistochemical study. Moller, M., Masson-Pévet, M., Pévet, P. Cell Tissue Res. (1998) [Pubmed]
  30. Effect of celiac ganglionectomy on tachykinin innervation, receptor distribution and intestinal responses in the rat. Ouyang, A., Zimmerman, K., Wong, K.L., Sharp, D., Reynolds, J.C. J. Auton. Nerv. Syst. (1996) [Pubmed]
  31. Acetylcholine levels and choline acetyltransferase activity in rat cerebrovascular bed after uni- or bilateral sphenopalatine ganglionectomy. Dauphin, F., Richard, J.W., Seylaz, J., Quirion, R., Hamel, E. J. Cereb. Blood Flow Metab. (1991) [Pubmed]
  32. Immunohistochemical localization of [Met5]enkephalin and [Met5]enkephalin-Arg6-Gly7-Leu8 in sympathetic and parasympathetic neurons and nerve fibers projecting to the rat submandibular gland. Soinila, J., Häppölä, O., Yanaihara, N., Soinila, S. Neuroscience (1991) [Pubmed]
  33. Sympathetic axons invade the brains of mice overexpressing nerve growth factor. Kawaja, M.D., Crutcher, K.A. J. Comp. Neurol. (1997) [Pubmed]
  34. Study of central regulation of intraocular pressure using ventriculocisternal perfusion. Liu, J.H., Neufeld, A.H. Invest. Ophthalmol. Vis. Sci. (1985) [Pubmed]
  35. Modulation of gastric contractions in response to tachykinins and bethanechol by extrinsic nerves. Holzer-Petsche, U. Br. J. Pharmacol. (1991) [Pubmed]
  36. Plasticity of mature sensory cerebrovascular axons following intracranial infusion of nerve growth factor. Isaacson, L.G., Ondris, D., Crutcher, K.A. J. Comp. Neurol. (1995) [Pubmed]
  37. The effect of unilateral dorsal root ganglionectomies or ventral rhizotomies on alpha 2-adrenoceptor binding to, and the substance P, enkephalin, and neurotensin content of, the cat lumbar spinal cord. Howe, J.R., Yaksh, T.L., Go, V.L. Neuroscience (1987) [Pubmed]
  38. Effects of unilateral vestibular ganglionectomy on glutaminase activity in the vestibular nerve root and vestibular nuclear complex of the rat. Godfrey, D.A., Xu, J., Godfrey, M.A., Li, H., Rubin, A.M. J. Neurosci. Res. (2004) [Pubmed]
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