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MeSH Review


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Disease relevance of Gastroscopy


High impact information on Gastroscopy


Chemical compound and disease context of Gastroscopy


Biological context of Gastroscopy


Anatomical context of Gastroscopy

  • RT-PCR analysis showed the presence of the Ucn transcript in biopsies (obtained by gastroscopy) from normal and inflamed gastric mucosa, whereas the CRH transcript was not detectable [17].
  • We measured TRH immunoreactivity (TRH-IR) in mucosal and transmural biopsies from different parts of the stomach, pylorus, duodenum, and pancreas in patients undergoing surgery or gastroscopy [18].
  • Samples of gastric mucous membrane obtained from the body of the stomach and gastroscopy under direct vision in 18 patients with raised serum immunoreactive gastrin concentrations were normal [19].
  • METHODS: All patients had a detailed assessment including measurement of specific anti-H. pylori antibodies, parietal cell antibodies, and fasting gastrin, gastroscopy with biopsies from gastric antrum and body [20].
  • METHODS: Patients answered symptom questionnaires and underwent gastroscopy Three biopsies were taken from distal oesophagus, oesophago-gastric junction and gastric cardia, and were stained with haematoxylin and eosin [21].

Associations of Gastroscopy with chemical compounds

  • Basal and histamine-stimulated oxygen uptake by fundic biopsy specimens were not affected by medications (pethidine and diazepam) administered during gastroscopy [22].
  • In the control animals, basal, food-, and pentagastrin-stimulated acid output significantly increased during the first 2 septic days, and gastroscopy demonstrated bleeding acute fundic erosions [23].
  • After 4 wk of treatment control gastroscopy showed ulcer healing in 54 of 76 patients (71.1%) in the antacid group, as compared with 58 of 74 patients (78.4%) in the cimetidine-treated group [24].
  • Three months after transjugular intrahepatic portal-systemic stent shunt, 15 patients in the acetylsalicylic acid group and 19 patients in the control group underwent clinical reevaluation, gastroscopy and recatheterization with determination of the portal-systemic pressure gradient [25].
  • METHODS: Over 36 months all patients referred because of chronic diarrhoea completed a diagnostic programme, including gastroscopy with duodenal biopsy, colonoscopy with biopsies, and the (75)Se-homocholic acid taurine ((75)SeHCAT) test for bile acid malabsorption [26].

Gene context of Gastroscopy

  • Simultaneous gastric and plasma immunoreactive plasma carcinoembryonic antigen in 108 patients undergoing gastroscopy [27].
  • The present study was aimed at testing the release and the regulation of EGF secretion from cultured duodenal biopsies obtained from healthy individuals by gastroscopy [28].
  • Gastroscopy and pathological evaluation showed a gastrointestinal stromal tumour (GIST) with immunohistochemical staining for CD 34 and CD 117 [29].
  • Advantages of open access gastroscopy appear to be compromised by delayed referral to hospital and failure of endoscopists to recognise the early disease; either they are unaware of its appearance or prior treatment with an H2 receptor antagonist masks the disease by allowing mucosal healing [30].
  • METHODS: Human ASBT mRNA expression along the intestinal tract was analysed by real time polymerase chain reaction in biopsies of 14 control subjects undergoing both gastroscopy and colonoscopy [31].

Analytical, diagnostic and therapeutic context of Gastroscopy

  • PATIENTS: Forty-five patients, who underwent a gastroscopy, were randomly assigned to intravenous premedication with midazolam (5 mg), diazepam (10 mg), or lorazepam (4 mg) [32].
  • The source of the bleeding could not be identified despite comprehensive investigation including gastroscopy, ultrasonography, sigmoidoscopy, 99Tc (technetium) scanning and angiography [33].
  • METHODOLOGY: Patients scheduled for diagnostic gastroscopy were included, and examined with a thin endoscope transnasally (Olympus XGIF-N200 prototype, diameter 6 mm) [34].
  • The fragments were obtained from healthy subjects by gastroscopy, cultured in McCoy's medium and gassed with 95% O2 and 5% CO2 at 37 degrees C. After an incubation of 30 min, the culture medium was decanted, and the quantity of hormone determined by radioimmunoassay [35].
  • The diagnostic work-up consisted of gastroscopy, manometry and 23-hour pH and pressure recordings of the oesophagus, lactose tolerance test, barium enema, measurement of colonic transit time, and rectoscopy [36].


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  15. Gastric involvement in systemic sclerosis: a prospective study. Marie, I., Levesque, H., Ducrotté, P., Denis, P., Hellot, M.F., Benichou, J., Cailleux, N., Courtois, H. Am. J. Gastroenterol. (2001) [Pubmed]
  16. DNA analysis and DNA ploidy in gastric cancer and gastric precancerous lesions. Yasa, M.H., Bektas, A., Yukselen, V., Akbulut, H., Camci, C., Ormeci, N. International journal of clinical practice. (2005) [Pubmed]
  17. Urocortin in human gastric mucosa: relationship to inflammatory activity. Chatzaki, E., Charalampopoulos, I., Leontidis, C., Mouzas, I.A., Tzardi, M., Tsatsanis, C., Margioris, A.N., Gravanis, A. J. Clin. Endocrinol. Metab. (2003) [Pubmed]
  18. Thyrotropin-releasing hormone immunoreactivity in the gastrointestinal tract of man. Dolva, L.O., Hanssen, K.F., Aadland, E., Sand, T. J. Clin. Endocrinol. Metab. (1983) [Pubmed]
  19. Serum immunoreactive gastrin in rheumatoid arthritis. Further observations on its identity, clinical specificity, and relationship to gastric function. Rooney, P.J., Kennedy, A.C., Gray, G.H., Sturrock, R.D., Buchanan, K.D., Dick, W.C. Ann. Rheum. Dis. (1976) [Pubmed]
  20. Two-thirds of atrophic body gastritis patients have evidence of Helicobacter pylori infection. Annibale, B., Negrini, R., Caruana, P., Lahner, E., Grossi, C., Bordi, C., Delle Fave, G. Helicobacter (2001) [Pubmed]
  21. Prevalence of intestinal metaplasia in the distal oesophagus, oesophagogastric junction and gastric cardia in symptomatic patients in north-east Italy: a prospective, descriptive survey. The Italian Ulcer Study Group "GISU". Zaninotto, G., Avellini, C., Barbazza, R., Baruchello, G., Battaglia, G., Benedetti, E., Bernardi, A., Boccù, C., Bonoldi, E., Bottona, E., Bozzola, L., Canizzaro, R., Canzonieri, V., Caroli, A., Carta, A., Colonna, A., Costa-Biedo, F., Dal Bò, N., De Bastiani, R., De Bernardin, M., De Bernardinis, F., De Pretis, G., Di Mario, F., Doglioni, C., Donisi, P.M., Franceschi, M., Furlanetto, A., Germanà, B., Grassi, S.A., Macor, V., Marcon, V., Marin, R., Meggiato, T., Melina, V., Menghi, A., Milan, R., Militello, C., Molena, D., Monica, F., Murer, B., Nisi, E., Olivieri, P., Orzes, N., Parenti, A., Paternello, E., Penelli, N., Pilotto, A., Piscioli, F., Pozzato, F., Ronzani, G., Rugge, M., Saggioro, A., Stracca-Pansa, V., Togni, R., Valiante, F., Vianello, F. Digestive and liver disease : official journal of the Italian Society of Gastroenterology and the Italian Association for the Study of the Liver. (2001) [Pubmed]
  22. Substrate-level energy dependence of acid secretion in the isolated human gastric mucosa. Chacín, J., Prieto, A., Cárdenas, P. Gastroenterology (1985) [Pubmed]
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  24. Low-dose antacids or cimetidine for duodenal ulcer? Weberg, R., Aubert, E., Dahlberg, O., Dybdahl, J., Ellekjaer, E., Farup, P.G., Hovdenak, N., Lange, O., Melsom, M., Stallemo, A. Gastroenterology (1988) [Pubmed]
  25. Acetylsalicylic acid in the prevention of early stenosis and occlusion of transjugular intrahepatic portal-systemic stent shunts: a controlled study. Theilmann, L., Sauer, P., Roeren, T., Otto, G., Arnold, J.C., Noeldge, G., Richter, G., Stiehl, A. Hepatology (1994) [Pubmed]
  26. Role of bile acids and bile acid binding agents in patients with collagenous colitis. Ung, K.A., Gillberg, R., Kilander, A., Abrahamsson, H. Gut (2000) [Pubmed]
  27. Simultaneous gastric and plasma immunoreactive plasma carcinoembryonic antigen in 108 patients undergoing gastroscopy. Bunn, P.A., Cohen, M.I., Widerlite, L., Nugent, J.L., Matthews, M.J., Minna, J.D. Gastroenterology (1979) [Pubmed]
  28. Role of vasoactive intestinal polypeptide (VIP) and endogenous somatostatin on the secretion of epidermal growth factor (EGF): studies on duodenal tissue cultures. Zandomeneghi, R., Montanari, P., Serra, L., Pavesi, C., Poppi, C., Baumgartl, U., Bottura, L. Regul. Pept. (1990) [Pubmed]
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  31. Adaptive regulation of the ileal apical sodium dependent bile acid transporter (ASBT) in patients with obstructive cholestasis. Hruz, P., Zimmermann, C., Gutmann, H., Degen, L., Beuers, U., Terracciano, L., Drewe, J., Beglinger, C. Gut (2006) [Pubmed]
  32. Short-term effects of intravenous benzodiazepines on autonomic neurocardiac regulation in humans: a comparison between midazolam, diazepam, and lorazepam. Agelink, M.W., Majewski, T.B., Andrich, J., Mueck-Weymann, M. Crit. Care Med. (2002) [Pubmed]
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