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MeSH Review

Specific Gravity

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Disease relevance of Specific Gravity


Psychiatry related information on Specific Gravity

  • MEASUREMENTS: Plasma AVP, urine and plasma osmolality, urine volume and specific gravity were measured during water deprivation tests and hypertonic saline infusion [6].
  • The best process combination was 100% catalyst quantity (based on oil weight) with 56:1 molar ratio of methanol to oil at temperature of 30 degrees C, which reduced product specific gravity from an initial value of 0.912 to a final value of 0.8637 in about 4h of reaction time [7].

High impact information on Specific Gravity


Chemical compound and disease context of Specific Gravity


Biological context of Specific Gravity


Anatomical context of Specific Gravity


Associations of Specific Gravity with chemical compounds


Gene context of Specific Gravity

  • Additionally, simultaneous comparison of hypodense (specific gravity < 1.085 g/liter) and normodense (specific gravity > 1.085 g/liter) EOS from allergic donors consistently revealed higher levels of CD44 expression (approximately 3- to 8-fold) but not CD69 expression on hypodense EOS [33].
  • Subsequently hippocampal volume and specific gravity were measured and NK-1 receptor and BDNF mRNA levels quantified using ribonuclease protection assays [34].
  • Polyuria (3,000-3,500 ml/m(2) per day), low urine specific gravity (1.001-1.002), and high plasma arginine vasopressin (AVP) (18.2 pg/ml) suggested NDI [35].
  • Week-by-week Spearman rank order correlations between urine color and specific gravity for the total sample (n=98) ranged from r(s) = 0.3 - 0.7, p < .01; the PROC mixed model was significant, p < .01 [36].
  • Correlative assay of computerized cranial tomography CCT, water content and specific gravity in normal and pathological postmortem brain [2].

Analytical, diagnostic and therapeutic context of Specific Gravity


  1. A reassessment of the importance of "low-count" bacteriuria in young women with acute urinary symptoms. Kunin, C.M., White, L.V., Hua, T.H. Ann. Intern. Med. (1993) [Pubmed]
  2. Correlative assay of computerized cranial tomography CCT, water content and specific gravity in normal and pathological postmortem brain. Torack, R.M., Alcala, H., Gado, M., Burton, R. J. Neuropathol. Exp. Neurol. (1976) [Pubmed]
  3. Effect of unilateral common carotid artery occlusion on levels of prostaglandins D2, F2 alpha and 6-keto-prostaglandin F1 alpha in gerbil brain. Gaudet, R.J., Levine, L. Stroke (1980) [Pubmed]
  4. The minimum sodium requirement of growing kittens defined on the basis of plasma aldosterone concentration. Yu, S., Morris, J.G. J. Nutr. (1997) [Pubmed]
  5. NMR studies in experimental allergic encephalomyelitis: factors which contribute to T1 and T2 values. Karlik, S.J., Gilbert, J.J., Wong, C., Vandervoort, M.K., Noseworthy, J.H. Magnetic resonance in medicine : official journal of the Society of Magnetic Resonance in Medicine / Society of Magnetic Resonance in Medicine. (1990) [Pubmed]
  6. Pathophysiology of transient cranial diabetes insipidus during pregnancy. Williams, D.J., Metcalfe, K.A., Skingle, L., Stock, A.I., Beedham, T., Monson, J.P. Clin. Endocrinol. (Oxf) (1993) [Pubmed]
  7. Biodiesel production from heterotrophic microalgal oil. Miao, X., Wu, Q. Bioresour. Technol. (2006) [Pubmed]
  8. Epidemiologic study of abuse of analgesics containing phenacetin. Renal morbidity and mortality (1968-1979). Dubach, U.C., Rosner, B., Pfister, E. N. Engl. J. Med. (1983) [Pubmed]
  9. Transformation of human embryo cells with the use of cell-free extracts of a human rhabdomyosarcoma cell line (HUS-2): brief communication. Cook, B., O'Sullivan, F., Leung, J., Morse, P., Graham, B., Chapman, A.L. J. Natl. Cancer Inst. (1978) [Pubmed]
  10. High urine specific gravity induced by carbenicillin. Deziel, C., Daigneault, B., Marc-Aurele, J., Albert, G., Brodeur, A. Lancet (1977) [Pubmed]
  11. Changes in renal function associated with indinavir. Boubaker, K., Sudre, P., Bally, F., Vogel, G., Meuwly, J.Y., Glauser, M.P., Telenti, A. AIDS (1998) [Pubmed]
  12. Tumor necrosis factor-alpha neutralization reduced cerebral edema through inhibition of matrix metalloproteinase production after transient focal cerebral ischemia. Hosomi, N., Ban, C.R., Naya, T., Takahashi, T., Guo, P., Song, X.Y., Kohno, M. J. Cereb. Blood Flow Metab. (2005) [Pubmed]
  13. Brain ion and amino acid contents during edema development in hepatic encephalopathy. Hilgier, W., Olson, J.E. J. Neurochem. (1994) [Pubmed]
  14. 0.45% saline and 5% dextrose in water, but not 0.9% saline or 5% dextrose in 0.9% saline, worsen brain edema two hours after closed head trauma in rats. Talmor, D., Shapira, Y., Artru, A.A., Gurevich, B., Merkind, V., Katchko, L., Reichenthal, E. Anesth. Analg. (1998) [Pubmed]
  15. Short-term malnutrition in neonatal rabbits. I. Brush border enzymes. Baker, S.S., Suthutvoravut, U., Walker, W.A. J. Pediatr. Gastroenterol. Nutr. (1987) [Pubmed]
  16. Fellowship training, workload, fatigue and physical stress: a prospective observational study. Parshuram, C.S., Dhanani, S., Kirsh, J.A., Cox, P.N. CMAJ : Canadian Medical Association journal = journal de l'Association medicale canadienne. (2004) [Pubmed]
  17. Effect of dexamethasone on experimental brain edema in cats. Dick, A.R., McCallum, M.E., Maxwell, J.A., Nelson, R. J. Neurosurg. (1976) [Pubmed]
  18. Effects of tiodazosin, a new antihypertensive, hemodynamics and clinical variables. Vardan, S., Smulyan, H., Mookherjee, S., Eich, R. Clin. Pharmacol. Ther. (1983) [Pubmed]
  19. Cerebral blood flow and edema following carotid occlusion in the gerbil. Crockard, A., Iannotti, F., Hunstock, A.T., Smith, R.D., Harris, R.J., Symon, L. Stroke (1980) [Pubmed]
  20. High-dose clinical urography with the low-osmolality contrast agent Hexabrix: comparison with a conventional contrast agent. Spataro, R.F., Katzberg, R.W., Fischer, H.W., McMannis, M.J. Radiology. (1987) [Pubmed]
  21. Blood-brain barrier leakage and brain edema in stroke-prone spontaneously hypertensive rats. Effect of chronic sympathectomy and low protein/high salt diet. Fredriksson, K., Kalimo, H., Westergren, I., Kåhrström, J., Johansson, B.B. Acta Neuropathol. (1987) [Pubmed]
  22. The effects of psychosocial stress on urinary excretion of adrenaline and noradrenaline in 51- to 55- and 71- to 74-year-old men. Faucheux, B.A., Bourlière, F., Baulon, A., Dupuis, C. Gerontology. (1981) [Pubmed]
  23. Effect of aminophylline on postischemic edema and brain damage in cats. Seida, M., Wagner, H.G., Vass, K., Klatzo, I. Stroke (1988) [Pubmed]
  24. Blood and bronchoalveolar eosinophils in allergic subjects after segmental antigen challenge: surface phenotype, density heterogeneity, and prostanoid production. Kroegel, C., Liu, M.C., Hubbard, W.C., Lichtenstein, L.M., Bochner, B.S. J. Allergy Clin. Immunol. (1994) [Pubmed]
  25. Liver and immune responses. IV. Characteristics of the liver cell-lymphocyte interaction. Sakai, A., Tanaka, S., Kountz, S.L. Transplantation (1978) [Pubmed]
  26. Studies on the safety of chronically administered intrathecal neostigmine methylsulfate in rats and dogs. Yaksh, T.L., Grafe, M.R., Malkmus, S., Rathbun, M.L., Eisenach, J.C. Anesthesiology (1995) [Pubmed]
  27. Hypertension and brain oedema: an experimental study on acute and chronic hypertension in the rat. Johansson, B.B., Linder, L.E. J. Neurol. Neurosurg. Psychiatr. (1981) [Pubmed]
  28. Serial magnetic resonance imaging of rat brain after induction of renal hypertension. Del Bigio, M.R., Yan, H.J., Kozlowski, P., Sutherland, G.R., Peeling, J. Stroke (1999) [Pubmed]
  29. Effect of indomethacin and a free radical scavenger on cerebral blood flow and edema after cerebral artery occlusion in cats. Johshita, H., Asano, T., Hanamura, T., Takakura, K. Stroke (1989) [Pubmed]
  30. Expression of Escherichia coli glycogen synthase in the tubers of transgenic potatoes (Solanum tuberosum) results in a highly branched starch. Shewmaker, C.K., Boyer, C.D., Wiesenborn, D.P., Thompson, D.B., Boersig, M.R., Oakes, J.V., Stalker, D.M. Plant Physiol. (1994) [Pubmed]
  31. Replacing creatinine measurements with specific gravity values to adjust urine cotinine concentrations. Haddow, J.E., Knight, G.J., Palomaki, G.E., Neveux, L.M., Chilmonczyk, B.A. Clin. Chem. (1994) [Pubmed]
  32. Determination of the specific gravity of human pineal. Bhatnagar, K.P., Veling, M., Ouseph, P.J., Nettleton, G.S. J. Pineal Res. (1991) [Pubmed]
  33. CD44 and CD69 represent different types of cell-surface activation markers for human eosinophils. Matsumoto, K., Appiah-Pippim, J., Schleimer, R.P., Bickel, C.A., Beck, L.A., Bochner, B.S. Am. J. Respir. Cell Mol. Biol. (1998) [Pubmed]
  34. Hippocampal neurokinin-1 receptor and brain-derived neurotrophic factor gene expression is decreased in rat models of pain and stress. Duric, V., McCarson, K.E. Neuroscience (2005) [Pubmed]
  35. A novel mutation in the renal V2 receptor gene in a boy with trisomy 21. Fujisawa, Y., Miyamoto, T., Furuhashi, K., Sano, S., Nakagawa, Y., Ohzeki, T. Pediatr. Nephrol. (2004) [Pubmed]
  36. Use of a urine color chart to monitor hydration status in nursing home residents. Mentes, J.C., Wakefield, B., Culp, K. Biological research for nursing. (2006) [Pubmed]
  37. Purification of Giardia muris trophozoites by using nylon fiber columns. Andrews, J.S., Ellner, J.J., Stevens, D.P. Am. J. Trop. Med. Hyg. (1980) [Pubmed]
  38. Protective effect of the 5-lipoxygenase inhibitor AA-861 on cerebral edema after transient ischemia. Baskaya, M.K., Hu, Y., Donaldson, D., Maley, M., Rao, A.M., Prasad, M.R., Dempsey, R.J. J. Neurosurg. (1996) [Pubmed]
  39. Cadmium effects on bone metabolism: accelerated resorption in ovariectomized, aged beagles. Sacco-Gibson, N., Chaudhry, S., Brock, A., Sickles, A.B., Patel, B., Hegstad, R., Johnston, S., Peterson, D., Bhattacharyya, M. Toxicol. Appl. Pharmacol. (1992) [Pubmed]
  40. Relationships of total protein, specific gravity, viscosity, refractive index and latex agglutination to immunoglobulin G concentration in mare colostrum. Waelchli, R.O., Hässig, M., Eggenberger, E., Nussbaumer, M. Equine Vet. J. (1990) [Pubmed]
  41. Clinical significance of specific gravity of spinal anaesthetic agents. Two double-blind studies with hyperbaric 5% lidocaine. Axelsson, K., Widman, B. Acta anaesthesiologica Scandinavica. (1979) [Pubmed]
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