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MeSH Review

Hypothalamus, Anterior

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Disease relevance of Hypothalamus, Anterior


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  • These findings suggest that the increased endogenous ANP in the anterior hypothalamus of SHR-S may be involved in the central regulation of BP in the model [10].
  • In a previous positron emission tomography study, we found that smelling AND and EST activated regions covering sexually dimorphic nuclei of the anterior hypothalamus, and that this activation was differentiated with respect to sex and compound [11].
  • Approximately half of the LHRH neurons were activated in the preoptic area and anterior hypothalamus; more anteriorly positioned LHRH neurons did not express Fos, resulting in an overall stimulation of 40% of the LHRH neurons [12].
  • Inhibition seemed specific for the anterior hypothalamus because pressor responses to stimulation of the ventromedial hypothalamus were the same whether or not the intracerebroventricular infusion contained hypertonic sodium chloride [13].
  • Neurotoxic lesions involving the medial preoptic area (MPOA) and anterior hypothalamus (n = 5) had no significant effects on either erectile activity or sleep-wake architecture [14].

Chemical compound and disease context of Hypothalamus, Anterior


Biological context of Hypothalamus, Anterior


Anatomical context of Hypothalamus, Anterior


Associations of Hypothalamus, Anterior with chemical compounds


Gene context of Hypothalamus, Anterior


Analytical, diagnostic and therapeutic context of Hypothalamus, Anterior


  1. Effect of lesions of the anteroventral third ventricle (AV3V) on the development of hypertension in spontaneously hypertensive rats. Gordon, F.J., Haywood, J.R., Brody, M.J., Johnson, A.K. Hypertension (1982) [Pubmed]
  2. Interaction between the baroreflex and anterior hypothalamic stimulation. Demonstration of a noradrenergic involvement. Simon, O.R., Basuray, B.N., West, W.L., Copeland, R. Neuropharmacology (1985) [Pubmed]
  3. The enhancement of chlorpromazine-induced hypothermia by lesions in the anterior hypothalamus. Chai, C.Y., Lin, M.T. Br. J. Pharmacol. (1977) [Pubmed]
  4. Effects of methylxanthine drugs on pyrogen-induced hyperthermia. Dascombe, M.J. Eur. J. Pharmacol. (1977) [Pubmed]
  5. Ibotenic acid-induced lesions of the medial preoptic area/anterior hypothalamus enhance the display of progesterone-facilitated lordosis in male rats. Olster, D.H. Brain Res. (1993) [Pubmed]
  6. The effect of microinjections of amphetamine into the neostriatum and the nucleus accumbens on self-stimulation behaviour. Broekkamp, C.L., Pijnenburg, A.J., Cools, A.R., Van Rossum, J.M. Psychopharmacologia. (1975) [Pubmed]
  7. Reversibility of para-chlorophenylalanine-induced insomnia by intrahypothalamic microinjection of L-5-hydroxytryptophan. Denoyer, M., Sallanon, M., Kitahama, K., Aubert, C., Jouvet, M. Neuroscience (1989) [Pubmed]
  8. Changes in the thermal characteristics of hypothalamic neurons during sleep and wakefulness. Glotzbach, S.F., Heller, H.C. Brain Res. (1984) [Pubmed]
  9. Septo-hypothalamic organization of a stereotyped behavior controlled by vasopressin in golden hamsters. Ferris, C.F., Delville, Y., Irvin, R.W., Potegal, M. Physiol. Behav. (1994) [Pubmed]
  10. Blockade of endogenous anterior hypothalamic atrial natriuretic peptide with monoclonal antibody lowers blood pressure in spontaneously hypertensive rats. Yang, R.H., Jin, H.K., Chen, Y.F., Wyss, J.M., Oparil, S. J. Clin. Invest. (1990) [Pubmed]
  11. Brain response to putative pheromones in homosexual men. Savic, I., Berglund, H., Lindström, P. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. (2005) [Pubmed]
  12. Luteinizing hormone-releasing hormone neurons express Fos protein during the proestrous surge of luteinizing hormone. Lee, W.S., Smith, M.S., Hoffman, G.E. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. (1990) [Pubmed]
  13. Chronic cerebroventricular infusion of hypertonic sodium chloride in rats reduces hypothalamic sympatho-inhibition and elevates blood pressure. Miyajima, E., Buñag, R.D. Circ. Res. (1984) [Pubmed]
  14. Role of the lateral preoptic area in sleep-related erectile mechanisms and sleep generation in the rat. Schmidt, M.H., Valatx, J.L., Sakai, K., Fort, P., Jouvet, M. J. Neurosci. (2000) [Pubmed]
  15. Increased GABAergic transmission in medial hypothalamus facilitates lordosis but has the opposite effect in preoptic area. McCarthy, M.M., Malik, K.F., Feder, H.H. Brain Res. (1990) [Pubmed]
  16. Intrahypothalamic injection of deltorphin-II alters body temperature in rats. Benamar, K., Rawls, S.M., Geller, E.B., Adler, M.W. Brain Res. (2004) [Pubmed]
  17. Failure of isoprenaline and beta-receptor blocking drugs to modify depressor response and bradycardia induced by electrical stimulation of the anterior hypothalamus of cats. Iijima, T., Philippu, A. Naunyn Schmiedebergs Arch. Pharmacol. (1980) [Pubmed]
  18. The acute effects of amitriptyline, iprindole and trazodone on blood pressure and heart rate in rats. Richardson, J.S., Chiu, E.K. Pharmacol. Biochem. Behav. (1982) [Pubmed]
  19. In vivo biosynthesis of two subunit forms of dopamine beta-hydroxylase in rat brain. Sabban, E.L., Kuhn, L.J., Levin, B.E. J. Neurosci. (1987) [Pubmed]
  20. Effects of atropine, injected into a lateral cerebral ventricle of the rabbit, on fevers due to intravenous leucocyte pyrogen and hypothalamic and intraventricular injections of prostaglandin E1. Cooper, K.E., Preston, E., Veale, W.L. J. Physiol. (Lond.) (1976) [Pubmed]
  21. Changes in cellular levels of messenger ribonucleic acid encoding gonadotropin-releasing hormone in the anterior hypothalamus of female rats during the estrous cycle. Zoeller, R.T., Young, W.S. Endocrinology (1988) [Pubmed]
  22. Fos expression during the estradiol-induced gonadotropin-releasing hormone (GnRH) surge of the ewe: induction in GnRH and other neurons. Moenter, S.M., Karsch, F.J., Lehman, M.N. Endocrinology (1993) [Pubmed]
  23. Cardiovascular responses of rats to intrahypothalamic injection of carbachol and noradrenaline. Poole, S. Br. J. Pharmacol. (1983) [Pubmed]
  24. Prostaglandin E2 exerts an awaking effect in the posterior hypothalamus at a site distinct from that mediating its febrile action in the anterior hypothalamus. Onoe, H., Watanabe, Y., Ono, K., Koyama, Y., Hayaishi, O. J. Neurosci. (1992) [Pubmed]
  25. Evidence for somatostatin-containing fibers projecting from the pallidal complex to the striatum of the rat. Widmann, R., Mensdorff-Pouilly, N., Pfaller, K., Sperk, G. J. Neurochem. (1987) [Pubmed]
  26. Study of the post-natal effects of chemopreventive agents on ethylnitrosourea-induced transplacental carcinogenesis in rats. II. Influence of low-molecular-weight polypeptide factors from the thymus, pineal gland, bone marrow, anterior hypothalamus, brain cortex and brain white substance. Alexandrov, V.A., Bespalov, V.G., Morozov, V.G., Khavinson, V.K.h., Anisimov, V.N. Carcinogenesis (1996) [Pubmed]
  27. Alterations in brain serotonin during congestive heart failure in the cardiomyopathic Syrian hamster. Sole, M.J., Shum, A., VanLoon, G.R. Cardiovasc. Res. (1978) [Pubmed]
  28. Beta-endorphin innervation of dopamine neurons in the rat hypothalamus: a light and electron microscopic double immunostaining study. Horvath, T.L., Naftolin, F., Leranth, C. Endocrinology (1992) [Pubmed]
  29. Interleukin-1 beta augments release of norepinephrine, dopamine, and serotonin in the rat anterior hypothalamus. Shintani, F., Kanba, S., Nakaki, T., Nibuya, M., Kinoshita, N., Suzuki, E., Yagi, G., Kato, R., Asai, M. J. Neurosci. (1993) [Pubmed]
  30. Behavioral and neurobiological consequences of social subjugation during puberty in golden hamsters. Delville, Y., Melloni, R.H., Ferris, C.F. J. Neurosci. (1998) [Pubmed]
  31. High NaCl diet reduces hypothalamic norepinephrine turnover in hypertensive rats. Chen, Y.F., Meng, Q.C., Wyss, J.M., Jin, H., Oparil, S. Hypertension (1988) [Pubmed]
  32. Depressor effect of blocking angiotensin subtype 1 receptors in anterior hypothalamus. Yang, R.H., Jin, H., Wyss, J.M., Oparil, S. Hypertension (1992) [Pubmed]
  33. Impairment of baroreceptor reflex control of heart rate but not sympathetic efferent discharge by central neuroadministration of ethanol. Zhang, X., Abdel-Rahman, A.A., Wooles, W.R. Hypertension (1989) [Pubmed]
  34. Sim2 contributes to neuroendocrine hormone gene expression in the anterior hypothalamus. Goshu, E., Jin, H., Lovejoy, J., Marion, J.F., Michaud, J.L., Fan, C.M. Mol. Endocrinol. (2004) [Pubmed]
  35. Differential colocalization of Islet-1 and estrogen receptor alpha in the murine preoptic area and hypothalamus during development. Davis, A.M., Seney, M.L., Walker, H.J., Tobet, S.A. Endocrinology (2004) [Pubmed]
  36. Endothelin 1 and 3 enhance neuronal nitric oxide synthase activity through ETB receptors involving multiple signaling pathways in the rat anterior hypothalamus. Jaureguiberry, M.S., di Nunzio, A.S., Dattilo, M.A., Bianciotti, L.G., Vatta, M.S. Peptides (2004) [Pubmed]
  37. Endogenous GABA modulates histamine release from the anterior hypothalamus of the rat. Okakura-Mochizuki, K., Mochizuki, T., Yamamoto, Y., Horii, A., Yamatodani, A. J. Neurochem. (1996) [Pubmed]
  38. Role of dopamine in the regulation of gonadotropin-releasing hormone in the male rat brain as studied by in situ hybridization. Li, S., Pelletier, G. Endocrinology (1992) [Pubmed]
  39. The effects of intrahypothalamic injections of norepinephrine upon affective defense behavior in the cat. Barrett, J.A., Shaikh, M.B., Edinger, H., Siegel, A. Brain Res. (1987) [Pubmed]
  40. Effects of gonadal steroid hormones on the hypothalamo-pituitary-liver axis in the control of sex differences in hepatic steroid metabolism in the rat. Mode, A., Norstedt, G. J. Endocrinol. (1982) [Pubmed]
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